Artifacts produced a historic property management plan (HPMP) for Metro Parks Tacoma, specifically for Point Defiance Park. The HPMP compiled information on the various historic cultural properties within the park to support the Destination Point Defiance planning process as well as ongoing park management. This written and illustrated reference document serves as a tool to:
For more than 127 years, Point Defiance Park has been a recreation destination for Tacoma’s citizens as well as visitors from near and far. The park offers remarkable views of Puget Sound, saltwater beaches, and deep forests. Today, the park welcomes more than 3.1 million visitors annually. Given the age, diversity and significance of the park’s cultural resources, combined with the enormous size of the park (760 acres), the HPMP covers a broad historic context and relies on integrated mapping to assist with findings and analysis.
Artifacts developed a GIS database to inventory the park’s historic buildings, structures, objects, circulation networks, and landscapes. Staff conducted an inventory of each feature, documenting age, significance and function. Compiling this data in GIS will ensure easy reference for planners and agency reviewers. It also simplifies map production, such as showing where the oldest buildings are in the park, where buildings and roads have been replaced, and so on. Catalogs of the buildings, circulation networks, objects, etc. present the inventory in table form, complete with thumbnail images. The numerous historic features mapped in the HPMP include two National Historic Landmarks, other register-listed properties, and a multitude of previously undocumented features.
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A 1911 proposed design for Point Defiance Park by noted landscape architects Hare and Hare of Kansas City
2015 GIS-produced map of the entire park, showing where buildings are and have been in the past within the current park boundaries. Source: Artifacts Consulting, Inc.
1931 aerial image showing the main public entry, gardens, zoo, and the waterfront areas. Historic images and maps were georeferenced in GIS to help date park developments over the years. Source: City of Tacoma.